As I mentioned in my post about Ada Lisp has a completely different approach in terms of… well, just about everything, beginning with the type system. One important feature of Lisp environments is the high degree if interaction they provide: Lisp Systems allowed for interaction with every part of the system (OS, applications, window manager…) and to a smaller degree this is what the read-eval-print-loop approach (REPL) provides in, say, Emacs with SLIME.
One interesting language I found recently was uLisp, a Lisp language for the Arduino and MSP430 platforms. It is based on a subset of Common Lisp and provides a different approach to development: it installs an interpreter which is programmed via the serial interface, thus allowing for a much more interactive development style (at a certain cost in terms of available space).
The interaction is normally made with the Arduino IDE, via the Serial Monitor; uLisp contains a minimal editor as well, but using Emacs makes more sense and it’s actually easy to configure to that end; before going into the details this is the end result (zoom in the image if necessary to start the animation).
The main thing to consider is that inferior-lisp-mode is actually based on comint-mode, which simplifies things: we just need a way to replace the buffer created by calling inferior-lisp with a buffer that communicates via the serial port. This is, in turn, something which can be done using Emacs term-mode.
Combining all of this the following Emacs Lisp code will connect to the Arduino via the serial port, rename the resulting buffer and change to line mode.
Creating a new Lisp file (like test.lisp) will by default enter lisp-mode; in this mode we can use C-x C-e to send the s-expression to the uLisp interpreter and get the result, as seen in the previous screencast
I’ve put the Lisp code on Github as well.